Purple Toenail: Causes Symptoms and Treatment
Purple toenail is caused due to the accumulation of blood under the toenail due to nail injury. Activities such as running can cause nail injury. Dashing the toe against an object or dropping an object on the toenail can also cause toenail bruising. Due to the injury, the blood vessels under the nail break and bleed. The blood accumulates under the toenail and dries up, giving the nail a purple/black appearance.
Reasons For Purple Toenail
Wearing tight shoes with a narrow toebox can push the toenail against the wall of the shoe. The repeated hitting of the toenail can result in a nail injury and purple toenail.
Long toenails can put you at risk of toenail injury. Running or walking with long toenails increases the risk of impacting your toes against the sides of your shoes
Dropping an object on the toenail or stubbing your toe against an object can also result in nail injury and a purple toenail.
The nail can have a black or purple appearance. If there is fluid accumulation under the toenail, there can be swelling and pain. In some cases, the toenail can turn black and fall off.
Purple Toenail Treatment
- If there is no pain, there is no need of any treatment. The purple color of the nail would grow out along with the nail.
- If there is pain, the fluid under the toenail should be removed. You can consult a podiatrist who can drill a small hole in the nail and release the accumulated fluid.
- Inflammation of the toe can be reduced by taking anti-inflammatory medication.
- If the toenail has fallen off, clean it with an antiseptic and cover the toenail with a band-aid to prevent infection. A new nail will grow in the place of the lost nail.
To prevent purple toenail, always wear shoes with a wide-toebox. This will prevent the hitting the toenails to the wall of the shoes while running. Always trim your nails to prevent the risk of nail injury.
If there is pain, swelling after the injury, do consult your podiatrist who can remove the fluid accumulation and relieve the pain.